If you are experiencing pain in your knees that causes you much discomfort, you need not worry anymore. Knee arthroplasty or knee replacement surgery helps to revive the function of the diseased knee joints and relieve the pain to a greater extent. It is already benefitting millions of people and you could be one of them.
Technological advancements have made it possible for patients to choose artificial joints according to their preferences and health. Many artificial knee replacement joints, today, can simulate the natural knee functions. This way, you not only get rid of the problem due to damaged knees but also have a replacement that doesn't make a difference with the normal knee functioning.
You may opt for partial knee replacement if your arthritis is detected early. As the condition does not spread to other parts of the knee, it is possible to replace a few knee parts.
However, if you are suffering from arthritis in any of the three knee compartments, you can undergo knee resurfacing surgery. Knee resurfacing involves the placement of artificial implants in only one part of the knee. Revision surgery is also an option if you underwent knee replacement at a young age. The implants last for around 20 years so you might need knee revision surgery for replacing these implants. Your condition, age and health and prime factors determining the right treatment for you.
The knee replacement procedure involves the removal of damaged cartilage and bone from the shin bone, thigh region, and knee cap. An artificial joint replaces this portion which is made from high-grade plastics, metal alloys, and polymers. The knee replacement procedure has a high success rate and is the most preferred choice for patients with damaged knees.
People opt for knee replacement surgery to repair their joints damaged due to rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis. When you have problems performing routine tasks like walking, running, climbing stairs, or any other activities, you must go for knee replacement surgery.
If the osteoarthritis damage is confined to only a part of your knees, you may go for partial knee replacement. However, a worn-out knee joint with pain demands a knee resurfacing surgery.
You need knee revision surgery if the knee replacement was done when you were young and the implants have now started to cause problems. You will also be relieved of the pain you experience, while resting, due to the damaged joints.
The surgeon will perform a thorough evaluation and jot down the medical history. It helps him or her in assessing your overall health, the range of motion of your knees, the strength in your knees, and stability. Anesthesia is deposited before the surgery which may either be general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia.
Your doctor will ask about your preferences before depositing the anesthesia, whether you want to stay unconscious or conscious with no sensational in the lower body. The doctor will instruct you before the surgery regarding your diet and lifestyle. You might need to stop certain medications that your doctor asks you to stop. You will have to undergo surgery after overnight fasting.
You may clear your walking path and keep aside any object that may cause your falls. A little preparation on your part will ensure you are good to go for partial knee replacement or knee resurfacing surgery.
The surgeon will make an incision of around 8-10 inches and move your knee cap aside to remove the damaged section of your knee joints. After preparing this part, the surgeon will insert the artificial knee joints and attach the same. Before the final sutures, the surgeon will evaluate the condition and check if the knees are in proper function. The surgery will take around 2 hours to finish.
You will be asked to make little movements during your hospital stay that will prevent blood clots and swelling. You will have a physical therapist by your side to instruct you regarding your light exercises. You will recover faster only when you follow all the instructions from your medical team. However, it is important to avoid any heavy exercise or activities that your physical therapist has asked you to avoid.
Start to walk gradually for the mobility of your knees. You can proceed with other routine activities when you can balance and your knees hold enough strength to do the same. A majority of the patients experience decreased pain than what they had before surgery. Also, following the instructions from the doctor ensured a speedy recovery for them. So, you may expect the same results when you strictly follow the instructions and maintain your health.
You may expect increased stability and function after revision knee replacement. The doctor will discharge you the same day and within 3-4 weeks, you can start walking without support after partial knee replacement or knee resurfacing.
The surgeon will shift you to the recovery room for a couple of hours. If you will stay in the hospital for a few days, you will be moved to the hospital room. You may take the medications prescribed by your doctor to get some relief whenever you feel pain.
A majority of the patients experience a better quality of life with improved movements and knee pain relief after Total Knee Replacement surgery. You can perform your routine activities after a couple of weeks when your knees get better. However, you must start performing activities only after a certain period and the ones with a low impact.
You must follow the instructions of your physical therapist and perform light physical activities or therapy exercises that help in recovery. If you are experiencing any difficulty or problem, you must consult your doctor immediately.
You might need the help of a walker after the surgery for a few days. It is advisable to make prior arrangements for someone to drive you back home and help you with your routine activities. You may opt for a personal caretaker if you live alone and will need help after the surgery.
Total knee replacement surgery comes with its own set of risks. These may include heart attack, nerve damage, infection, stroke, and blood clots. You must immediately inform your doctor if you acquire an infection and are experiencing signs like fever, swelling, chills, and knee pain.
Your doctor might remove the artificial parts if the infection is big and recommend antibiotics to help you get better. He or she might reform another surgery for you knew
when the infection is clear and you are at no risk. The more the number of surgeries you undergo, the lesser the chances of a better outcome and better functioning.
Sometimes, the artificial joint fails to lead to a failed knee replacement surgery. Also, the metal or plastic parts used in the artificial knee may wear out with time. So, you must avoid strenuous activities and high-impact activities that increase your chances of experiencing risks.
Your activity level, weight, age, and surgical history may be responsible for the failure of the knee implants. You are at a higher risk of implant failure if you have obesity, are young, had prior knee surgery, or are an active patient.
Dr. Gagandeep Singh Sachdeva is the head Orthopedic and Joint Replacement Specialist at Sohana Hospital with years of experience. He is one of the best knee replacement surgeons in Chandigarh and Mohali with hundreds of successful surgeries in his name. The doctor has helped thousands of patients get relief from pain and perform routine activities with ease.
The doctor is adept at performing primary and complex knee replacement surgeries. He is an expert in revision knee replacement surgeries and keyhole surgeries. Dr. Sachdeva underwent special training for MAKO ROBOTICS surgery. He is well aware of the latest advanced treatment procedures and offers phenomenal treatment to give you a new lease on life.