Surgical Oncology

Surgical Oncology is a part of Cancer care that focuses on surgery for diagnosing and treating cancer and its symptoms. A medical team of the best oncologists and physicians take care of the patient under surgical oncology. This is usually done in combination with other types of cancer care procedures like medical and radiation oncology. The medical team evaluates the condition of the patient to make a comprehensive treatment plan.

Surgical oncology is not about simply deciding on the surgery and performing the same. It involves discussion of the medical team with the patient regarding his or her expectations from the treatment. After a thorough evaluation, a diagnosis is formed and treatment is planned to reduce the symptoms of cancer

About Surgical

Types of Surgical Oncology

The most important types of Surgical Oncology are:
  • Curative surgery: When the cancer tumor is confined to one region and can be removed completely, it is curative surgery.
  • Debulking surgery: This type of surgery is done when it is isky to remove the entire cancer tumor and only a part is removed followed by radiotherapy or chemotherapy for the remaining portion.
  • Supportive surgery: This surgery aids in treating cancer along with other types of cancer treatment.
There are some other types of surgical oncology as well which include:
  • Surgery to diagnose cancer
  • Surgery to stage cancer
  • Radical surgery
  • Reconstructive surgery
  • Palliative surgery
  • Preventive surgery

The goal of surgical oncology

A lot of reasons contribute to the necessity of surgery for treating cancer. Surgical oncology helps in:
  • 1. Diagnosing cancer
  • 2. Determining the location and staging of cancer along with its spread in the body.
  • 3. To aid in other types of cancer treatment.
  • 4. Relieve the symptoms of cancer and its side effects.
  • 5. Removing a part of cancer.
  • 6. Removing a body tissue that may turn cancerous
  • 7. Restoring the body function or appearance.

The procedure of cancer surgery

The two types of cancer surgery procedures are open surgery and minimally invasive surgery. Open surgery involves a large incision for removing a part of or entire tumor with small margins of surrounding healthy tissue. On the other hand, minimally invasive surgery includes cryosurgery, laparoscopy, robotic surgery, and laser surgery.

  • Cryosurgery: Liquid nitrogen is used to freeze and kill tumor cells.
  • Laparoscopy: Small incision is made to insert a laparoscope and a surgical tool simultaneously in different incisions to remove cancerous tissue while capturing the image of inner parts.
  • Robotic surgery: The only difference between robotic surgery and laparoscopy is that it involves the use of a computer to use the robotic tools for the procedure.
  • Laser surgery: The surgeon uses a narrow, high-intensity light beam for removing the cancer tumor.

Cancer types treated by surgical oncologists

Cancer surgery treats a range of cancer types depending upon their staging, location, and severity. Some cancer types that your surgical oncologist will treat are:

  • 1. Breast cancer
  • 2. Endocrine cancer
  • 3. Gynecologic cancer
  • 4. Lung cancer
  • 5. Pancreatic cancer
  • 6. Brain cancer
  • 7. Colorectal cancer
  • 8. Gastric Cancer
  • 9. Head and neck cancer
  • 10. Melanoma
  • 11. Sarcoma
  • 12. Skin cancer

Side effects of cancer

Every surgical oncology procedure has its set of side effects that might give rise to complications in the patient's condition. Some of these are:

  • Infection
  • Fatigue
  • Lymphedema
  • Swelling
  • Pain
  • Nausea

About our experienced oncologist

Dr. Shyam Sunder Trehan is a leading oncologist who has been associated with Sohana Hospital. He is the head consultant in Surgical Oncology at the Sohana Cancer Research Institute. With more than 15 years of experience, he holds expertise in performing complex cancer surgeries and relieving cancer symptoms in patients. With the use of the advanced equipment in our Oncology department, he ensures to plan the treatment according to patient's expectations.

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Sohana Cancer Research Institute
Sohana Cancer Research Institute